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Article ID: 1734

APA Tips-Feb.97

American Psychiatric Association (APA)

APA Online Tipsheet for Feb. 97: 1.) Psychotherapy cost-effective in treatmnt of severe mental illness; 2.) High intelligence resists Alzheimer's; 3.) Near-death terminally ill no more likely to become depressed than other terminally ill; 4.) Irrational fears of being watched/humiliated linked to brain abnormality; 5.) Managed care and mental hlth; 6.) States' definitions of parity for mental hlth vary widely; 7.) APA annual mtg, 5/17-22, San Diego; 8.) '97 APA media award winners, and deadline for '98 awards; 9.) New, controv.

Released:
28-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1732

Cutting Hospital Admissions And Costs For Pneumonia Patients

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

The federal Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) today announced a simple and accurate method to predict which patients with pneumonia may be treated at home rather than in a hospital. The prediction method--a clinical model used to help doctors assess the need for hospitalization--also could help reduce the over $4 billion spent annually for inpatient care. This model is described in the January 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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28-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1731

AHCPR Report On Colorectal Cancer Screening

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) today released the first evidence report under its new Evidence-based Practice Initiative. The report indicates that screening has been shown to be effective in detecting early-stage colorectal cancers and their precursors. Early detection and treatment are the primary means of preventing deaths from colorectal cancer.

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28-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    26-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 1733

Major Asthma Reserach Program Starts At Yale

Yale University School of Medicine

NEW HAVEN, Conn., Jan. 26, 1997--The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has selected Yale University School of Medicine as one of seven locations in the United States to establish a Specialized Center of Research to understand the causes of asthma. To conduct this research the NHLBI, a component of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded $8.6 million to Yale over the next five years. "Asthma is so common now that it has become a major health-care issue," points out Jack A. Elias, M.D., director of this new Yale medical research center. "Approximately 15 million children and adults in the United States suffer from asthma, a chronic condition in which their airways become chronically inflamed. The frequency of asthma appears to be particularly prominent in inner-city areas. In the last 15 years, asthma has become an increasingly severe health problem, even reaching epidemic proportions," he adds. Since the early 1980s, national statistics show that the prevalence (fr

Released:
28-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1729

World'S 1st In New Cardiac Surgery

Temple University Health System

Cardiac surgeons at Temple University Hospital have performed the first-ever combined coronary artery bypass graft and heart valve replacement surgery without cutting open the patient's chest.

Released:
25-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1728

Test Identifies Potential Heart Attack Victims

InterScience Communications

By measuring levels of the hormone renin, which is produced in the kidney, physicians can identify hypertensive patients at risk of heart attacks, leading hypertension experts found in a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Hypertension.

Released:
25-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1718

ACR Continues Support of Mammography Screening

American College of Radiology (ACR)

The American College of Radiology (ACR) today reaffirmed its strong support for mammography screening for women in their 40s and said that a National Institutes of Heath Panel failed to recognize and incorporate into its report important new follow-up data from clinical trials that confirms the benefits of this test.

Released:
24-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1717

New combination vaccine for Hib and Hepatitis B may reduce number of childhood shots needed

Merck & Company

Newly revised government recommendations for immunizing infants against serious childhood diseases create new options and decisions for many parents and physicians. Now, a newly-available combination vaccine from Merck & Co., Inc., COMVAX, offers a unique choice that may reduce the number of total injections required in the first 18 months of life from as many as 15 to as few as 11.

Released:
24-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1716

Schizophrenia Gene Is Nicotine Receptor

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

A team of researchers, led by a University of Colorado Health Sciences Center/Denver Veteran's Affairs Medical Center professor, has pinpointed a gene that carries significant risk for schizophrenia, a devastating mental illness that affects some 4 million Americans. The new findings also may explain why 80 percent of schizophrenics are heavy smokers.

Released:
24-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1711

Drug Reactions Harming Hospital Patients

InterMountain Healthcare

In a new three-year study published in Wednesday's issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers from Intermountain Health Care's LDS Hospital found that adverse drug reactions - on average - prolong hospitalizations by nearly two days, cost $2,262 each to treat, and almost double the risk of death for patients.

Released:
22-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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