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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697203

CHOP Researchers Develop Highly Specific, Easy-to-Implement Predictive Screening Tool for Retinopathy in Premature Infants

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A multi-hospital collaboration led by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has found a simple method of determining which premature infants should be screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Released:
10-Jul-2018 9:15 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697253

Researchers Discover Gene That Controls Bone-to-Fat Ratio in Bone Marrow

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have found that the PGC-1α gene, previously known to control human metabolism, also controls the equilibrium of bone and fat in bone marrow and also how an adult stem cell expresses its final cell type. The findings could lead to a better understanding of the disruption of bone-to-fat ratio in bone marrow and its health consequences, and point to the gene as a therapeutic target in the treatment of osteoporosis and skeletal aging.

Released:
10-Jul-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697285

Study Shows Biomarker Panel Boosts Lung Cancer Risk Assessment for Smokers

University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

A four-protein biomarker blood test improves lung cancer risk assessment over existing guidelines that rely solely upon smoking history, capturing risk for people who have ever smoked, not only for heavy smokers, an international research team reports in JAMA Oncology. “This simple blood test demonstrates the potential of biomarker-based risk assessment to improve eligibility criteria for lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography,” said study co-senior author Sam Hanash, M.D., Ph.D., professor of Clinical Cancer Prevention at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697330

Q&A: Berkeley Lab’s Spencer Klein Talks About IceCube Then and Now, and What’s Next

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

In this Q&A, Berkeley Lab physicist Spencer Klein, who has been a part of the IceCube collaboration since 2004, discusses Berkeley Lab's historic contributions to IceCube, and IceCube's contributions to science.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 5:50 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697335

Deadly Form of Advanced Prostate Cancer Is Common, Calls for Distinct Treatment

UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

A new study of prostate cancer in 202 men, whose cancers had spread and were resistant to standard treatment, found that a surprisingly large number of these cancers – about 17 percent – belong to a deadlier subtype of metastatic prostate cancer.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 10:55 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697345

Researchers Turn Exercise Into a Game and See Encouraging Results

University of Iowa

A team of University of Iowa researchers built a web-based app called MapTrek. When synced with a Fitbit, MapTrek allows users to go on virtual walking tours of locations such as the Grand Canyon or Appalachian trail while competing against other users. A study showed MapTrek and Fitbit users averaged 2,200 more steps per day than a control group that used only Fitbits.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697247

Hubble and Gaia Team Up to Fuel Cosmic Conundrum

Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Using the Hubble and Gaia space observatories, astronomers have made the most precise measurements to date of the expansion of space, which may suggest reworking our understanding of the physics of the universe.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697302

Scientists Create Nano-Size Packets of Genetic Code Aimed at Brain Cancer ‘Seed’ Cells

Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a “proof of concept” study, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have successfully delivered nano-size packets of genetic code called microRNAs to treat human brain tumors implanted in mice. The contents of the super-small containers were designed to target cancer stem cells, a kind of cellular “seed” that produces countless progeny and is a relentless barrier to ridding the brain of malignant cells.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 8:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 7:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697318

Smell Receptors in the Body Could Help Sniff Out Disease

American Physiological Society (APS)

A review of more than 200 studies reveals that olfactory receptors—proteins that bind to odors that aid the sense of smell—perform a wide range of mostly unknown functions outside the nose. The function of extra-nasal olfactory receptors has the potential to be used in the diagnosis and treatment of health conditions such as cancer.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697260

Geological Records Reveal Sea-Level Rise Threatens UK Salt Marshes, Study Says

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Sea-level rise will endanger valuable salt marshes across the United Kingdom by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to an international study co-authored by a Rutgers University–New Brunswick professor.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 5:00 AM EDT
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