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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 697329

Citizen-Scientist Study Results Find Ticks Capable of Carrying Lyme Disease in 83 Additional U.S. Counties

Northern Arizona University

More than 16,000 ticks were sent in by people across the country and tested for various bacterial infections. Results show ticks capable of carrying Lyme disease are more widespread than originally thought.

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11-Jul-2018 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697371

Basic Research in Fruit Flies Leads to Potential Drug for Diseases Afflicting Millions

University of California, Santa Cruz

A stable cell line of Wolbachia-infected fruit fly cells turned out to be an invaluable tool for researchers seeking new drugs to treat river blindness and related diseases. That's because the parasitic worms that cause these diseases are actually dependent on Wolbachia bacteria living within their cells. Kill the Wolbachia, and the worms die.

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12-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697372

Novel Therapy Delays Muscle Atrophy in Lou Gehrig’s Disease Model

Case Western Reserve University

Supplementing a single protein found in the spinal cord could help prevent symptoms of Lou Gehrig’s disease, according to a new study out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Researchers found high levels of the protein—called mitofusion 2 or Mfn2—prevented nerve degeneration, muscle atrophy, and paralysis in a mouse model of the disease. Since Mfn2 is often depleted during Lou Gehrig’s, the new study suggests supplementing it could be a novel therapeutic approach for the disease.

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12-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697359

In Medicaid Patients, High Opioid Doses and Concurrent Sedative Use Are Risk Factors for Fatal Opioid Overdose

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Among Medicaid recipients taking prescription opioids, high opioid doses and concurrent treatment with benzodiazepine sedatives are among the key, potentially modifiable risk factors for fatal overdose, reports a study in the August issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 12:30 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697360

VIP Neurons Hold Master Key to Jet Lag Response

Washington University in St. Louis

Travel by airplane has opened the door to experiencing different cultures and exploring natural wonders. That is, if you can get past the jet lag. But what if you could take control of the brain's daily timing system? Biologists at Washington University in St. Louis unlocked a cure for jet lag in mice by activating a small subset of the neurons involved in setting daily rhythms, as reported in a July 12 advance online publication of Neuron.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 12:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697349

VLA Gives Tantalizing Clues About Source of Energetic Cosmic Neutrino

National Radio Astronomy Observatory

A single, ghostly subatomic particle that traveled some 4 billion light-years before reaching Earth has helped astronomers pinpoint a likely source of high-energy cosmic rays for the first time. Subsequent observations with the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) have given the scientists some tantalizing clues about how such energetic cosmic rays may be formed at the cores of distant galaxies.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697355

Study: Veterans Who Join Veterans Services Organizations Have Higher Quality of Life, Study Finds

American University

Involvement in veterans service organizations an lower post traumatic stress and can lower the stigma of accessing medical care, according to new research from an American University professor.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 697350

Study Reveals Opioid Patients Face Multiple Barriers To Treatment

Vanderbilt University Medical Center

In areas of the country disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis, treatment programs are less likely to accept patients paying through insurance of any type or accept pregnant women, a new Vanderbilt study found.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697161

How Gold Nanoparticles Could Improve Solar Energy Storage

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods – opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy use and combat climate change, according to Rutgers University–New Brunswick researchers.

Released:
10-Jul-2018 9:45 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697196

Guardian of the Cell

Harvard Medical School

Scientists have defined the structure and key features of a human immune-surveillance protein that guards against cancer and bacterial and viral infections The identification of two human-specific variations in the protein closes a critical knowledge gap in immunology and cancer biology The variations explain why the human protein is more precise and more selective than mammalian forms of the protein and why it targets certain types of DNA but ignores others The findings can inform the design of more precisely targeted immune therapies against cancer and a range of immune-mediated diseases

Released:
9-Jul-2018 5:45 PM EDT
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