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Article ID: 697450

NYU Study Uncovers Connections Between Early Childhood Program and Teenage Outcomes

New York University

A new study published in PLOS ONE by researchers from New York University’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development examined the long-term impacts of an early childhood program in Chicago, IL called the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) and found evidence suggesting that the program positively affected children’s executive function and academic achievement during adolescence.

Released:
16-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 697312

Scientists ID Protein Exploited by Virus Ravaging West Africa

University of California San Diego

New research has uncovered a protein enabling the replication of arenaviruses, lethal pathogens spreading in West Africa. The research identified DDX3 as a key factor through its unexpected ability to dismantle normal human immune system defenses. The study may pave the way to new therapeutic treatments for arenaviruses and hemorrhagic fever.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 697329

Citizen-Scientist Study Results Find Ticks Capable of Carrying Lyme Disease in 83 Additional U.S. Counties

Northern Arizona University

More than 16,000 ticks were sent in by people across the country and tested for various bacterial infections. Results show ticks capable of carrying Lyme disease are more widespread than originally thought.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697305

Researchers Clarify Role of Mutations in Glioblastoma

University of North Carolina Health Care System

Researchers investigated whether the location of the mutation within the sequence of the PIK3CA gene affected the mutation’s ability to help drive glioblastoma growth. They also tested whether mutations within certain sequences of the gene were linked to better responses to particular drugs. They found mutational status was not linked to a response to a single targeted drug, but it was to a combination of treatments.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697123

National School Food Policies Have Potential to Improve Health Now and Later

Tufts University

Providing free fruits and vegetables and limiting sugary drinks in schools could have positive health effects in both the short- and long-term, finds a new Food-PRICE study led by researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

Released:
9-Jul-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    3-Jul-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 696873

In a Warming World, Could Air Conditioning Make Things Worse?

University of Wisconsin-Madison

As climate change continues to push summer temperatures ever higher, the increased use of air conditioning in buildings could add to the problems of a warming world by further degrading air quality and compounding the toll of air pollution on human health, according to a new study.

Released:
29-Jun-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 696034

Repurposing Promising Cancer Drugs May Lead to a New Approach to Treating TB

Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Promising experimental cancer chemotherapy drugs may help knock out another life-threatening disease: tuberculosis (TB).

Released:
22-Jun-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 696294

Two Mosquito Species Can Transmit New Chikungunya Virus in the Americas

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Researchers are evaluating the ability of Florida and Brazilian mosquitoes to transmit chikungunya because the virus was transmitted in Florida as part of an outbreak throughout the Americas in 2014.

Released:
19-Jun-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 696287

Is the sky the limit?

University of Vienna

What stops a species adapting to an ever-wider range of conditions, continuously expanding its geographic range? The biomathematician Jitka Polechová, an Elise Richter Fellow at the University of Vienna, has published a paper in PLoS Biology which explains the formation of species’ range margins. The theory shows that just two compound parameters, important for both ecology and evolution of species, are fundamental to the stability of their range: the environmental heterogeneity and the size of the local population.

Released:
19-Jun-2018 6:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 696210

Heart Disease Sufferers Not Exercising Enough

University of Adelaide

Evidence shows that people with existing heart problems or who are at risk of developing them, are ignoring medical advice and not taking enough exercise. New medical treatments have helped people to live longer despite these health problems, but this is causing an escalating burden on public health systems worldwide.

Released:
18-Jun-2018 1:05 AM EDT
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